The origin of the problem in OPERA experiment
Graph from OPERA talk given by M. Sioli: this shows that timing between LVD and OPERA became misaligned in the middle of 2008, around the time that OPERA-1 began, and remained stably misaligned by about 73 nanoseconds until the end of 2011, which is when the fiber problem was identified and eliminated.
The OPERA Collaboration, by continuing its campaign of verifications on the neutrino velocity measurement, has identified two issues that could significantly affect the reported result. The first one is linked to the oscillator used to produce the events time-stamps in between the GPS synchronizations. The second point is related to the connection of the optical fiber bringing the external GPS signal to the OPERA master clock.(source: INFN | see also Doc Madhattan, DropSea)
These two issues can modify the neutrino time of flight in opposite directions. While continuing our investigations, in order to unambiguously quantify the effect on the observed result, the Collaboration is looking forward to performing a new measurement of the neutrino velocity as soon as a new bunched beam will be available in 2012. An extensive report on the above mentioned verifications and results will be shortly made available to the scientific committees and agencies.
OPERA collaboration decided this morning to postpone the submission of paper of about one month
- Luca Stanco on 2011/10/20 during a presentation at Physics Department in Milano, Italy
(read Doc Madhattan)